Mochuan Drives - Professional design, manufacturer HMI Touch Screen Panel & PLC Controller, provide industry solutions and system integration since 2009.

  • Professional design, manufacturer HMI Touch Screen Panel & PLC Controller, provide industry solutions and system integration since 2009.


User-Centric Design Approaches for Enhanced Interactivity in Industrial HMI


User-Centric Design Approaches for Enhanced Interactivity in Industrial HMI


Industrial Human Machine Interface (HMI) plays a critical role in modern manufacturing processes. HMI systems allow operators to interact with various machines and monitor their performance in real-time. As technology advances, it is crucial to design HMIs with a user-centric approach to ensure enhanced interactivity. This article explores the significance of user-centric design in industrial HMIs and discusses five key approaches to achieve improved interactivity.

Understanding User Needs

To create an effective HMI, it is crucial to gain a thorough understanding of the end users' needs and requirements. Industrial HMIs cater to operators with diverse skill sets and backgrounds. Conducting user research, such as interviews and surveys, helps in identifying their preferences, pain points, and goals. By understanding user needs, designers can create intuitive interfaces that promote productivity and reduce the likelihood of errors.

1. Intuitive Navigation and Information Architecture

One of the primary goals of user-centric HMI design is to ensure ease of navigation and accessibility. The information architecture should be designed to provide relevant information at the right time. Task-driven workflows and clear hierarchies help users locate information quickly, reducing cognitive load and increasing efficiency. Intuitive navigation also involves the use of familiar and consistent icons, buttons, and menus, enabling users to navigate the interface without the need for extensive training.

2. Responsive Design for Multimodal Interaction

A user-centric HMI should be designed to accommodate a wide range of devices and input methods. As the industrial environment evolves, operators may need to interact with HMIs using touchscreens, physical buttons, or voice commands. Implementing responsive design principles ensures that HMIs can adapt seamlessly to different device form factors and provide a consistent user experience across platforms. This adaptability enhances interactivity by allowing operators to choose the most comfortable and efficient interaction method for the task at hand.

3. Contextual Feedback and Visual Cues

Real-time feedback is essential in industrial HMIs to provide operators with immediate information about the status of the machines and processes they are monitoring. Contextual feedback, such as color changes or icons, helps operators quickly identify abnormal conditions and take appropriate actions. Visual cues, such as progress bars and animations, can convey information about ongoing processes, making the interface more engaging and informative.

4. Error Prevention and Recovery Mechanisms

Human errors can have significant consequences in industrial settings. User-centric design considers error prevention and recovery mechanisms to minimize the occurrence of user mistakes and facilitate quick error correction. Designers should employ strategies like confirmation dialogues for critical actions, undo functionality, and clear error messages to guide users in preventing errors or recovering from them without disrupting the overall workflow. By reducing human errors, user-centric design enhances interactivity by ensuring smooth operation and preventing costly downtime.

5. Customizable Interfaces for Individual Preferences

Operators in industrial environments have different roles and preferences when interacting with HMIs. A user-centric approach incorporates customization options that allow individuals to tailor the interface according to their specific needs. Personalized layouts, customizable dashboards, and the ability to adjust color schemes or font sizes enable operators to optimize their HMI experience for enhanced productivity and comfort. By providing customization features, user-centric design empowers operators to personalize their interactions, promoting a positive user experience and improving interactivity.


User-centric design approaches are crucial for developing industrial HMIs that prioritize enhanced interactivity. By understanding user needs, designing intuitive navigation, implementing responsive design, providing contextual feedback, incorporating error prevention mechanisms, and offering customization options, HMI systems can promote a more productive and engaging user experience. With the continuous advancement of technology, user-centric design will continue to play a fundamental role in shaping the future of industrial HMIs.


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